Are Dominic Smith and Amed Rosario the Next Wright and Reyes?

By Ethan Marshall


Image result for david wright jose reyes
David Wright and Jose Reyes celebrating the Mets division title in 2006.  Photo credit: Ron Antonelli.

The left side of the Mets infield played a big role in making them playoff contenders from 2005 to 2008.  Jose Reyes, nicknamed “Mr. Excitement,” presented a threat to opposing pitchers and catchers every time he got on base.  He provided life at the top of the lineup. So often would he start the first inning with a single and a stolen base or a triple before scoring, that the term “Reyes run” was used to refer to this.  Over this four-year period, Reyes stole a combined 258 bases, leading the league in that category in all but one year, including a franchise-record 78 stolen bases in 2007.  He had no fewer than 190 hits in any of these seasons.  In 2008, he posted a league-best 204 hits.  Reyes also combined for 65 triples, leading the league in that category in three of the four years.

While Reyes provided the speed, Wright provided the power.  He hit 116 home runs and drove in 449 runs over that span.  He finished fourth in MVP-voting in 2007, when he had a 30-30 year, batted .325, slugged .546 and had an OBP of .416.  It became a familiar sight for Mets fans to see David Wright driving in Jose Reyes.  Not since Dwight Gooden and Darryl Strawberry in the 1980s had there been such a talented and admired duo of Mets. The young dynamic duo seemed destined for Hall of Fame careers, but injuries kept sidelining them, likely ruining their chances.

While the two have been reunited as teammates on the Mets, Wright has yet to take the field since Reyes was signed to replace his injured buddy.  Injuries have kept the captain sidelined for over a year, but he recently took a big step forward when he was cleared to resume baseball activities.  Reyes has been vocal of how much he misses Wright, and is optimistic that the captain will play this season.

While Strawberry and Gooden were terrific athletes in their Mets careers, they didn’t get along as well as many people actually believed.  Throughout their baseball careers, David Wright and Jose Reyes have been known to be very close friends.  Reyes often described their bond as similar to that of brothers.

Dominic Smith and Amed Rosario hanging out together during Spring Training.  Photo credit: Joe Robbins/Getty Images.

Now, 13 years after Wright and Reyes shared the left side of the infield for the first time, a new young duo has appeared in Queens.  Amed Rosario and Dominic Smith, the Mets top two prospects, have now made their MLB debuts.  Their relationship in the minors was very similar to that of Wright’s and Reyes’.  After the game in which Smith made his MLB debut and Rosario hit his first career homer, both players spoke highly of each other and described the bond they shared as akin to that of brothers, just as Wright and Reyes have described their relationship.

Many Mets fans have already expressed that the new duo reminds them in both skills and personalities of those of Wright and Reyes.  Like Reyes at his age, Rosario is a speedy shortstop with strong defensive skills and the potential to be a great hitter.  Reyes has even become a mentor to Rosario since Spring Training, texting him almost every day.  Since Rosario’s promotion to the Mets, he and Reyes are often spotted fooling around and having fun together.  They both have a youthful and bubbly personality, making them likable in the clubhouse.

While Dominic Smith doesn’t play the same position as Wright, he has shown the same defensive ability as a young Wright.  Perhaps the biggest similarity between the two is their ability to use the whole field effectively.  Smith has shown strong opposite-field power in AAA Vegas this season, something Wright made a career doing (until Citi Field opened, designed basically against him with a deep rightfield).  Both Smith and Wright showed a strong maturity despite their young ages.  Perhaps Wright can become a mentor to Smith in the same way Reyes has for Rosario.

Whether or not Rosario and Smith can be as successful as Wright and Reyes, while also avoiding the constant injuries that slowed down the latter two, has yet to be seen.  They haven’t played a month in the big leagues, but the hype surrounding them is very similar to when Reyes and Wright were top prospects.  Time will tell whether or not they live up to the expectations presented to them.


The Bruce is Loose

By Ethan Marshall


The Mets’ trade of Jay Bruce to the Indians speaks a lot about the state of the organization right now.  Ownership appears to be focused more on saving money than getting valuable prospects in return.  While the trades of Lucas Duda to the Rays and Addison Reed to the Red Sox allowed for the Mets to save money too, the prospects received in return may prove valuable pieces of the Mets bullpen in the near future.  All of the young arms the Mets acquired in these trades are described as throwing in the mid-to-upper-90s by scouts.  All three of the pitchers acquired for Reed are hard-throwing 22-year-olds.  However, some of the pitchers are further along in their development than others.

The pitcher the Mets received for Jay Bruce, Ryder Ryan, wasn’t even a ranked prospect in the Indians’ system.  A 30th round pick, Ryan has posted a 4.50 ERA in two minor league seasons.  Considering how solid Bruce has been this season, this trade is mind-boggling.  According to Ken Rosenthal, the Mets were focused more on getting a team to pick up the $5 million remaining on Bruce’s contract than to receive decent prospects in return.  This is further shown by the fact that the Yankees were willing to give the Mets multiple prospects who were much better than Ryan in exchange for Bruce if the Mets were willing to take on 4/5 of his salary.

For several years, Mets fans have complained about the Wilpons preferring to pad their own wallets rather than improving the team they own.  This trade has only added more fuel to this notion.  As far as MLB contracts are concerned, $5 million isn’t that much money.  If the goal is to save money for free agent signings in the upcoming offseason, the Mets could’ve (and should’ve) taken the Yankees offer, which allowed them to save some money while also gain valuable prospects in return.  By trading Bruce for what likely amounts to a player who will never see the MLB, the Mets wasted one of their most valuable trade chips.  They likely would’ve received a better return by keeping Bruce and giving him a qualifying offer at the end of the season.


Image result for drew smith pitcher
Drew Smith pitching for the Rays’ Advanced A Charlotte Stone Crabs.  Photo Credit: Dilip Sridhar.

Drew Smith was Tampa Bay’s 30th ranked prospect when he was traded, with a fastball that could reach 98 m.p.h.  He has pitched well at each level in the minors, posting a career 1.74 ERA with 141 strikeouts in 129 innings.  While he was assigned by the Mets to AA Binghamton, Smith could play a valuable role for the team in 2018.

Image result for stephen nogosek
Stephen Nogosek pitching for the Oregon Ducks college baseball team.  Photo credit: Mark Humphrey.

Stephen Nogosek may be the furthest from being major-league ready among the young arms the Mets received from Boston.  However, he was also the highest-rated among the three pitchers acquired for Reed, at number 18.  He was assigned to High-A St. Lucie upon his acquisition.  He’s posted a 3.27 ERA with 99 strikeouts in 85.1 innings pitched in the minors.  The main point of concern for Nogosek right now is that he has control problems, with a career 3.5 walks per nine innings.  While he clocks in as reaching 96 miles per hour, his fastball has no movement whatsoever.

Image result for jamie callahan
Jamie Callahan pitching for the Red Sox low-A affiliate Lowell Spinners.  Photo credit: Jonathan Raymond.

Jamie Callahan may debut for the Mets as early as September.  He’s currently pitching for AAA Las Vegas.  In 376 career minor league innings, Callahan has posted a 4.79 ERA with 365 strikeouts.  His velocity typically sits in the mid-90s.  He was ranked as the 23rd-best prospect in the Red Sox system.  Since being moved from a starter to a reliever, his velocity has increased from the low-90s to the mid-to-upper-90s.  He has a great splitter that has become his out-pitch.  However, like Nogosek, Callahan has very little movement on his four-seamer and has control issues, with 4 walks per nine innings in 28 innings pitched this season.

Image result for gerson bautista salem red sox
Gerson Bautista pitching for the Red Sox organization.  Photo credit: Kelly O’Connor.


Gerson Bautista has a 2.73 ERA with 167 strikeouts in 198 innings in his minor league career thus far.  He was ranked as the 28th-best prospect in the Red Sox farm system upon being traded.  Along with Nogosek, Bautista was assigned to High-A St. Lucie.  He’s shown the ability to reach 100 miles per hour at times, but also has control problems, with 4.1 walks per nine innings in his career.  While he does have a slider that sits in the high 80s, he hasn’t mastered the pitch yet.  The slider can prove to be very effective if he can get better control and movement from it.  Another issue is that he was suspended in 2013 for testing positive for PED use.

The trade of Bruce may also signify the Mets may not be that interested in attempting to re-sign him in the offseason.  While the Mets recently said they believe Michael Conforto could play centerfield in the long term, this trade may mean they will be pursuing a centerfielder in the offseason and move Conforto to rightfield.  As a result, the Mets may be more focused on pursuing Lorenzo Cain than Jay Bruce this winter.

The Mets basically traded Bruce for money.  Players who are usually traded for cash are usually minor leaguers who may have had cups of coffee in the majors, not star players. The one positive thing to come out of this trade is that, unlike the Rangers with Ernesto Frieri, the Mets didn’t trade Bruce for $1.

Feature on PEDs

By Ethan Marshall


*Editor’s note: While David Ortiz and Ivan Rodriguez were suspected of PED-use, they were not named in the Mitchell Report.  This article has been updated to correct this factual error.


For almost two decades, Major League Baseball turned its head away from players using performance-enhancing drugs.  While steroids were put on MLB’s banned substance list in 1991, players weren’t tested until 2003.  Even after testing began, many players continued to use the banned substance.

The poster boys of baseball’s steroid era included Barry Bonds, Roger Clemens, Mark McGwire, Rafael Palmeiro, Sammy Sosa and Alex Rodriguez.  While each of these players compiled career numbers that would’ve made them worthy of being inducted into Cooperstown, their use of the banned substance gave them an unfair advantage, thus inflating their numbers.   Each of these players, excluding A-Rod, were among the 89 names mentioned in the 2007 Mitchell Report.

The Mitchell Report resulted from an investigation into steroid and human growth hormone use in MLB by US Senator George Mitchell over a span of 20 months.  The report discussed the ineffectiveness of the MLB Joint Drug Prevention and Treatment Program of stopping or reducing PED-use in the game.  It also provided recommendations for MLB to use as punishments for players who failed their drug tests.

Despite the fact that all the big names on the Mitchell Report have since retired, the controversy surrounding these players’ legacies is very relevant today.  Bonds, Clemens, McGwire, Palmeiro and Sosa have all appeared on the Baseball Hall of Fame ballot.  McGwire fell off the ballot after 2015, never reaching even 25% of the vote.  Palmeiro didn’t receive enough votes to stay on the ballot for the 10-year eligibility.  While Sosa’s name is still on the ballot, he received less than 10% of the votes in the most recent ballot.

What separates Bonds, Clemens and A-Rod from McGwire, Sosa and Palmeiro is the view by many sportswriters that these three players were already Cooperstown-worthy before they began taking PEDs.  Some sportswriters believe these players belong in the Hall, but their plaques should have an asterisk and say these players took PEDs.

George Vecsey, a longtime sportswriter for The New York Times, has his own opinions on whether or not players who took PEDs belong in the Hall.  “If there’s real evidence on them, I would have trouble voting for them,” Vecsey said.  “I would have trouble voting for anybody that I’m convinced was caught.  I wouldn’t vote for [Bonds and Clemens].  As long as the vote is a subjective vote of writers having to define Hall of Fame eligibility and the degree of usage, I wouldn’t vote for them.”

As for his opinion on A-Rod, Vecsey is adamantly against him being voted in.  A-Rod was found to have taken PEDs twice since stricter drug testing was introduced to the league.  “He was quite manipulative, he cheated and he lied,” Vecsey said.

Vecsey believes any player who has ever tested positive for PEDs doesn’t belong in the Hall of Fame.  He says that players who took PEDs essentially sold their souls to the devil.  They put their morals aside for the sake of becoming a star ballplayer.

Vecsey also emphasizes that evidence should be provided if a player was accused of taking PEDs.  “Proof is important,” Vecsey said.  He pointed to Mike Piazza and Jeff Bagwell as examples.  While both were accused of PED-use, they never failed a drug test and little to no evidence has been provided to support these claims.  As a result, he feels they belong in the Hall of Fame.  “I’d vote for Piazza and Bagwell.”

Vecsey is a bit skeptical of some of the names listed on the Mitchell Report.  “I think the Mitchell Report was a little bit dicey,” Vecsey said.

Vecsey doesn’t believe some of the players accused or linked to PED-use, like David Ortiz or Ivan Rodriguez actually took PEDs.  According to Vecsey, there isn’t much evidence to prove players like them took PEDs.  “The fact that [Ortiz] was mentioned in the Mitchell Report, that’s not enough for me.”  However, Ortiz was not named named in the Mitchell Report, though he was one of the players who tested positive in a screening process in 2003, on the condition of anonymity.  Rodriguez was accused of being injected with steroids by Jose Canseco in his book Juiced, but he also has many other recollections throughout the book that have been proven to be historically false.

Vecsey compared PED-use to amphetamine-use during the 1950s, 60s and 70s.  While he believes players who took amphetamines should be considered for the Hall of Fame, he doesn’t share that feeling for PED-users.  Amphetamines weren’t exactly performance-enhancers.  They were more similar to pep pills than steroids.  Vecsey knew many players who used to take amphetamines before ball games, including the great Willie Mays and Pete Rose.  “A teammate of Rose once told me that the funniest thing he ever saw in baseball was Pete Rose’s ‘greenies’ kicking in during a rain delay,” Vecsey said.  “The guy was bouncing off the walls in the clubhouse.”

Amphetamines were particularly popular in the 60s.  “People tell me anecdotally that the best players in baseball in the 1960s took amphetamines,” Vecsey said.  “It was in the culture.  It wasn’t the right or wrong issue, it was the health issue.  Nobody wanted to know, including me.  I didn’t care for a long time.”  Some players even referred to amphetamines as “a major league cup of coffee.”

In the hypothetical scenario in which a player already in the Hall of Fame is later found to have taken PEDs throughout their career, Vecsey believes the player shouldn’t be booted from Cooperstown.  “It’s what you know at the time,” Vecsey said.  “I think I’d have trouble with going backwards.”

Vecsey believes that when the older writers who vote on the Hall of Fame are gone, it is likely that Bonds, Clemens and A-Rod will eventually get voted into Cooperstown.  New writers will arise that won’t have the experience of the previous generation of covering the PED era and its aftermath.  “They don’t have the memory of being assigned to report on this stuff, and being lied to and ridiculed for asking questions,” Vecsey said.  While he doesn’t like it, he feels it’s almost inevitable.

Juliet Macur, another sportswriter for The New York Times, shares similar beliefs to those of Vecsey.  “I personally don’t feel [PED users] belong in the Hall of Fame,” Macur said.  “I don’t think it’s fair for someone who broke the rules to belong in the Hall of Fame.  They’re breaking the rules of the game.  They took a look at the rules, they knew it was illegal and they went ahead and did it anyway.”

Macur feels that if a player already in the Hall of Fame is later found to have taken PEDs, there should be an asterisk put on their plaque to identify them as PED-users.  “I don’t think they should be kicked out because it would be too much of a circus,” Macur said.  “Once you’re voted in, you should stay in, but if there is evidence that’s shown a player has broken the rules, the Hall of Fame should mention that.”

Macur is happy with MLB’s current drug testing program.  The fact that one failed test would cost a player almost one-third of the season shows MLB takes these tests very seriously.  A three-time offender gets a lifetime ban from playing in the MLB.  “They have a very rigorous drug test,” Macur said.

As far as amphetamines are concerned, Macur doesn’t believe they’re as bad as other PEDs.  Macur doesn’t feel they have as much of an overall impact as other drugs, such as steroids.  “When it comes to athletic performance and what drugs should be banned, amphetamines are pretty low on the list for me,” Macur said.  “Steroids and human-growth-hormones are probably way up there for me.”

While she isn’t happy about it, Macur believes that Bonds, Clemens and A-Rod will eventually get into the Hall Of Fame.  She is especially against Rodriguez getting in.  “I quite personally can’t believe Alex Rodriguez would ever get into the Hall of Fame because he lied several times about his drug use,” Macur said.  “Several times he said he never used drugs before admitting to it twice.  He’s a complete liar who made a joke out of drug testing and the sport and everything about athletes having any integrity.  But he’s a really good play-by-play announcer.”

Macur thinks it won’t be long before Bonds and Clemens are voted into Cooperstown.  “I think in another five or ten years, maybe even earlier, with younger people on the panel who have forgotten what it really was like to have guys break records without using steroids at the time, will care less and less about performance-enhancing drug use in sports and vote them in,” Macur said.

Macur thinks if and when Bonds, Clemens and Rodriguez are elected to the Hall of Fame, there should be an asterisk on their plaque as well as a line saying something like “His career was clouded by drug use” or “His career was clouded by suspicions of drug use.”  “I think it needs to be acknowledged,” Macur said.  “If it’s acknowledged on the plaque, I think that says a lot.  I feel if [Cooperstown] did that, the public will feel a little bit better.”

Last year’s Baseball Hall of Fame voting results seemed to show a shift in thought towards players who took PEDs.  This may be due to the fact that the number of voters were reduced prior to the 2016 voting.  Additionally, as each year goes by, more of the older sportswriters who previously voted had either retired or passed away.

Ivan Rodriguez, who was suspected of PED-use, was elected to the Hall of Fame in his first year on the ballot.  Barry Bonds and Roger Clemens, each on their fifth year on the ballot, saw their vote-percentage rise nearly 10%.  Clemens went from 45.2% of the vote in 2016 to 54.1% in 2017.  Bonds went from 44.3% to 53.8%.  With five more years left on the ballot for these two, it appears likely that they will eventually get in within that period of time.  While these two players cheated their way into the record books, the voters appear willing to accept them for their careers before taking PEDs.  It could very well be that Alex Rodriguez gets similar treatment when he appears on the ballot.




“What it Would Take to Build Trump’s Border Wall” Video Critique

By Ethan Marshall


This non-broadcast video on CNN’s website examines how a border wall between the US and Mexico can be built, using special effects and animations to help the viewer better understand the information being provided to them by correspondent Jason Carroll.

The sequencing, edits, shot composition, and sound are combined throughout this video in order to maintain the viewers’ interest and make it easy for them to understand what’s being told to them.

The video usually uses wide and extreme wide shots of the Carroll talking to the viewer so that the body of water separating the US and Mexico can be seen by the viewers.  Using a shot of that includes the body of water as a border rather than a fence makes the viewer realize that Trump’s wall wouldn’t just be running along the middle of nowhere.  There are natural obstacles that need to be taken into account in building the wall too.

The editing of the video includes animations showing where the wall would go through, how a strong and stable wall can be made, and the cost of the wall.  By providing a visual aid, the viewer is able to better understand what is being discussed than if the shots consisted only of Carroll standing in front of the body of water.

The composition of the shot of Carroll standing in front of the border helps to make the viewers realize just how much distance there is separating the US from Mexico in that area.  While Carroll states that the body of water only separates the US from Mexico by 100 miles, the extreme wide shot makes Carroll look dwarfed by the natural border behind him.

The loud volume in which Carroll speaks to the viewer throughout the video keeps the viewer drawn into his voice.  Carroll’s voice isn’t annoying enough to push potential viewers away, nor is it monotone enough to bore viewers.  He is able to sound as though he is intrigued by the details he is providing to the viewers.

In my opinion, this video is able to be successful for, among other reasons, the smart and creative ways the sequencing, edits, shot composition, and sound is used.  One of the main points Carroll is trying to make to the viewer is that while it is possible in theory for the wall to be built, it would be a long and arduous process for it to be done.  Carroll finishes the video with a humorous stat about how much the wall would cost: nothing, because Mexico is going to pay for it.  It’s a way of him saying how ridiculous this idea is in the first place.







Ulises “Uli” Chavez Photo Story

Born in San Salvador, El Salvador in 1997, Ulises Chavez was separated from his parents at a very young age.  His parents moved to New York when he was just an infant, with the goal of raising enough money to one day have Uli brought to America to be with them.  After spending the first nine years of his life being raised by his aunt and two uncles in El Salvador, Uli’s parents were finally able to raise enough money to arrange for Uli to be reunited with his parents in America in 2007.  Uli and his then-16-year-old cousin were driven across the U.S.-Mexico border, and brought to Long Island, New York.

Today, Uli spends most of his time working at Holiday Farms, a supermarket in Glen Head, New York.  He is trying to make and save enough money to afford to go to college.
Uli says he enjoys living in America much more than El Salvador.  “You get more rights [in America].”   
One of Uli’s many responsibilities at Holiday Farms is stacking the shelves.
In order to get to the items, Uli needs to use a cutting tool to quickly and neatly open the bags of goods.
Stacking the shelves requires Uli to carry many different goods from the back room to the aisle they are supposed to be in.  When the shelves are completely filled, the leftover products are brought to the back room until the shelves need to be restocked again.  In this picture, Uli is using a U-shaped wagon (referred to as a U-boat) to push the leftover goods to the back room. 
Occasionally, Uli is called upon to change the machines used to recycle plastic bottles, glass bottles and cans.  He has to drop off the recyclables at a loading station in the back of the store, where a truck picks it up and takes it to a recycling plant.


When the cardboard compactor in the back room begins to overflow, it is Uli’s job to empty it out and move the giant cardboard stack to the loading station, where it will be sent to the recycling plant.
IMG_20170313_141156_865 (1)
The process of moving the cardboard stack includes multiple steps.  First, Uli needs to get a big wooden pallet, and place it next to the compactor.
Next, he needs to insert thin metal wire through the back of the compactor, before tying the wires together in the front.  This allows for the compacted cardboard to stay together when it is moved.  
Then, the metal plate holding the cardboard in place is lifted with the push of a button, allowing for the cardboard to fall on the pallet.  After this, a forklift is used to move the cardboard on the pallet to the loading area.
While Uli hopes to one day attend and graduate from college after he saves enough money to be able to do so, he says his ultimate goal is to become an electrician, as well as to get married and have a family in Long Island.





Trump-Obama Photo Critique

By Ethan Marshall

The New York Times article examines President Trump’s recent claims that Former President Barack Obama wiretapped Trump’s phones in Trump Tower last year.  The pacing of the story varies in that it starts with providing background information on the issue discussed in the article.  The article then provides quotes and reactions from Trump and his associates, as well as, Obama’s associates.  The article then goes over the process it would take for the president to even be allowed to wiretap someone, as well as, the restrictions the president faces in doing this.  Next,  the article goes over Trump and his cabinet’s connections with Russia over the past two years.  In addition, the article mentions where Trump may have gotten this idea, citing a recent Breitbart article, which made these claims without any evidence, and a conservative radio host expressing this conspiracy theory.

The first photo is a wide shot of Obama and Trump sitting across the aisle from each other during Trump’s inauguration.  The photo displays the rift between the president and his predecessor.  The photo reflects the distrust the two have with each other.  The positions in which Obama and Trump are located and facing also reflects the political state of the country, with Obama on and looking to the left, and Trump on and looking to the right.  The caption works with the image to tell the story in that the two had a rocky relationship before Trump took office.  While the two seemed to get along after Trump took over as president, Trump’s bitterness towards Obama has seemed to return with his allegation of Obama spying on him last year.

The other image is a creative shot of Trump Tower in New York City.  The image is taken from a distance from the floor, in order to display the sign of the tower, as well as, the armed security guarding it.  The photo supports the caption in that it provides the location in which President Trump claims his predecessor wiretapped him (without any evidence).  The fact that the image is taken from the floor makes the security and the building look intimidating to whoever looks at the image.